The Hope Family Program, hereinafter referred to as PKH, is a conditional social assistance program to the Beneficiary Family (KPM) which is designated as beneficiary family of PKH. As an effort to accelerate poverty reduction, since 2007 the Government of Indonesia has implemented PKH. The Social Protection Program, also known internationally as the Conditional Cash Transfers (CCT), has proved quite successful in tackling the poverty faced by these countries, especially the problem of chronic poverty.
As a conditional social assistance program, PKH opens access to poor families, especially pregnant women and children, to utilize the various health facilities (faskes) and education service facilities (fasdik) available around them. The benefits of PKH also began to be encouraged to cover persons with disabilities and elderly by maintaining their social welfare level in accordance with the constitutional mandate and the Presidential Republic of Indonesia.
Through PKH, KPM is encouraged to have access and utilize basic social services for health, education, food and nutrition, care and assistance, including access to other social protection programs that are complementary programs on an ongoing basis. PKH is directed to be the backbone of poverty alleviation that synergizes various national social protection and empowerment programs.
This national priority program by the World Bank is regarded as the most cost-effective program for reducing poverty and reducing inequalities among the poor, as well as the program with the highest level of effectiveness on the decline of the gini coefficient. Various other studies have shown that PKH is able to raise beneficiaries out of poverty, increase family consumption, even on a wider scale capable of encouraging stakeholders in the Central and Regional Governments to improve health and education infrastructure.
Strengthening PKH is done by improving the business process, expanding the target, and strengthening the complementary program. It must be ensured that PKH beneficiary families receive BPNT subsidies, KIS social security, KIP, Rutilahu’s assistance, empowerment through KUBE including various other social protection and empowerment programs, to enable the poor to get out of poverty and more prosperous.
The big mission of PKH in reducing poverty is evidently more prominent considering the number of poor Indonesians in 2017 there was a decrease of poverty from 10.64% in the month of 2017 to 10.12% in September 2017 from the total population or 27,771,220 inhabitants in the month March to 26,582,990 people in September with a total of 1,188,230 poor people or 0.58% of the poor (BPS, 2017).
PKH target is a poor and vulnerable family registered in Integrated Data of Poor Handling Program which has health component with criteria of pregnant / lactating mothers, children aged zero to six years. Educational component with criteria of SD / MI or equivalent, high school / MTs or equivalent, high school / MA or equivalent children, and children aged six to 21 years who have not completed the 12-year compulsory education. Since 2016 there has been an addition to the social welfare component with age criteria preferably of 60 (sixty) years, and persons with disabilities preferable to persons with severe disabilities.
KPM PKH must be registered and present at the nearest health and education facilities. Obligations of KPM PKH in the health sector include examination of pregnant women’s content, nutritional intake and immunization as well as weighing the body of children under five and preschool children. While the obligation in the field of education is to register and ensure the presence of family members PKH to educational units in accordance elementary and secondary school. KPM with a social welfare component is obliged to provide nutritious food by utilizing local food, and health care at least once a year for elderly family members starting from 70 (seventy) years, and requesting health workers to check health, , seek food with local food for people with severe disability.
The distribution of PKH social assistance is provided to the KPM set by the Family Social Security Directorate. The distribution of aid is given four stages in one year, PKH assistance is provided under the following conditions:
The value of assistance refers to the Decision Letter of the Director General of Protection and Social Security No. 26 / LJS / 12/2016 dated December 27, 2016 on the Index of Hope and Social Assistance Program of the Hope Family Program of 2017. The assistance and assistance index of PKH in 2017, as follows:
- PKH Social Assistance Rp. 1,890,000
- Older Assistance Rp. 2,000,000
- Disability Assistance Rp. 2,000,000
- Papua and West Papua Regional Assistance Rp. 2,000,000
More info please click http://www.pkh.kemsos.go.id/