Joint Decree (SKB) of the Four Ministers as an umbrella for the implementation of cash-for-cash program officially signed on Monday (18/12). The program will begin early in 2018 and target 1,000 villages in 100 districts. The signing of this four ministerial decree was conducted at the office of the Coordinating Ministry for Human Development and Culture (PMK) Jalan Medan Merdeka Barat, Jakarta. Present on the occasion were Coordinating Minister for PMK Puan Maharani, Village Minister, Disadvantaged Area Development and Transmigration Eko Putro Sandjojo, Minister of Home Affairs Tjahjo Kumolo, Finance Minister Sri Mulyani, and Minister of PPN / Head of Bappenas Bambang Brodjonegoro.
“We hope with the signing of this 4 ministerial decree the various policies of accelerating the implementation of Law No. 6 of 2014 on the Village can be done in harmony between ministries / institutions,” said PMK Coordinator Puan Maharani.
He explained that in the SKB, 4 ministers contained several important points such as the implementation of cash-intensive programs, synergy of central and local government in implementing the village law, economic empowerment of villages through BUMDes and cooperatives, as well as accountable village financial management. According to him, various points in SKB 4 minister is expected to focus various development programs in rural areas.
“We hope that the implementation of development in rural areas will be carried out by mutual cooperation between ministries and institutions so that the goal of welfare of the villagers can be realized soon,” he said.
Related to the implementation of cash-intensive programs, said Puan, will be implemented gradually. The government has set the target of this program in 100 districts where each district will be selected 10 villages. Thus, there will be 1,000 villages targeted from cash-intensive programs. The first phase will begin in January by targeting 100 villages in 10 districts.
“The village qualification targeted from this cash-intensive program is a backward village and very lagging behind various indicators including one of the stunting levels in the village. We have obtained data from Bappenas to determine the 1,000 villages targeted from cash-intensive programs, “he said.
Meanwhile, Village Minister, Disadvantaged Areas Development and Transmigration (Mendes PDTT), Eko Putro Sandjojo, said various development programs have been implemented to speed up poverty alleviation in various villages in the country. One of the impacts of these programs is the decline in poverty and unemployment in rural areas.
“Based on data from the Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) for the last three years, there has been a decrease of poverty rate in rural areas by 4.5%. Unemployment rates in rural areas are currently lower than unemployment in urban areas, “he said.
Minister Eko is optimistic that cash-intensive work program will accelerate efforts to reduce poverty rate in rural areas. Moreover, currently Kemendes PDTT has developed various new programs that are cross-ministries / institutions by collaborating with many parties such as SOEs to the private sector such as the development of superior products of rural areas (Prukades) and the establishment of BUMDes.
“We are developing programs with a clearer business scheme in terms of capital, management and availability of market access to superior products in rural areas,” he said.
With regard to the question of the influence of village funds on poverty reduction efforts, Minister Eko requested that all parties see more clearly the various developments currently being implemented in various villages in Indonesia. According to him, there are some development outcomes that are not directly related to the economic growth rate in rural areas such as the construction of toilet wash facilities (MCK), construction of posyandu, construction of early childhood facilities and clean water facilities.
“The availability of these basic service infrastructures does not directly impact the economy but can improve the quality of life of rural people both in health and basic education,” he said.
Meanwhile, Finance Minister Sri Mulyani said efforts to accelerate poverty alleviation in rural areas are also done by reformulating the pattern of village fund distribution. If during this aspect of equity get the largest percentage, then starting in 2018 affirmation aspects such as consideration of the number of poor and village status more attention.
“So later it could be a village with a high poverty rate received more funds than the village that has the status of independent or advanced,” he said.
In addition, said Minister Sri Mulyani the pattern of disbursement of village funds will also be changed. If during the village funds disbursed in two stages, namely in March and August, starting in 2018 will be distributed in three stages namely in January, March, and August.
“With the initial disbursement of village funds is expected development process can be implemented beginning of the year,” he said.