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SDGs and development | binaswadaya.org      

SDGs and development

In history, there has never been a global deal so ambitious as Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): find their goal of social, economic and environmental issues at once.
Indonesia ought to be proud to be one of the initiator and present role models, because the leadership of the President who heads his own implementation of the SDGs are inclusive. However, Indonesia did optimize SDGs in transformation of development?

Indonesia successfully mainstream SDGs in development planning, with the majority of target ditcantumkannya SDGs document development. However, it is also transforming SDGs viewpoints and new methods. The ambitious target unlikely SDGs only reached the Government, it needs synergies with civil society organizations, media, business, philanthropy and higher education. More than that, the culture and behavior of the community need to be transformed into sustainable behaviour.

The transformation of Government

New perspective embodies the SDGs multidimensional development. That is to say, to resolve one question required the contribution of various sectors. Not just the typical narrow viewpoints, Indonesia and egosektoral between government agencies cause inefficiency, inefektivitas, overlapping, and extraordinary budgets wastage.

For example, addressing maternal mortality. This issue requires not only the role of the health sector, bad road infrastructure to healthcare facilities can also cause the death of the mother. The availability and quality of electricity poorly, making the handling of inadequate health care. This means, not only the cross-Ministry coordination technical but also cross-Ministry coordinator.

One of the "beauty" SDGs are breaking down the ice egosektoralisme (silos), encouraging cooperation, interconnectivity (interconectedness) and locking through measurable indicators. Indonesia now has 319 SDGs indicators. To achieve the target indicators of implementation of action plans, SDGs sectors related to, monitored and evaluated.

Indonesia now has a regulation the synchronization of planning and budget. Regulation it is realized with software that monitors the implementation of programs, activities, and finance. Through the tagging activity SDGs, this application monitors the performance of the already or still green yellow and red.  However, the application of the device, only much more important change mindset and implementation.

Business transformation

The business is clearly unlikely success in environment and society failed, so that the business sector concerned SDGs achieved. One of the instruments the UNITED NATIONS arranged for navigation business sector is "Compass SDGs" (SDGs Compass). This instrument guides the integration direction and business strategies with the SDGs.

SDGs enormous business opportunities. Only in the sectors of food and agriculture, or the main focus of the goals (Goal) 2 and run the business potential of circular economy, more than 2.3 trillion dollars per year. About 80 million job opportunities will be created (AlphaBeta, 2016).

Indonesia is quite forward in driving business in order to be sustainable. The financial services authority (OJK) even have a roadmap and sustainable financial regulation, contains integrated business sector SDGs stages. The beginning of 2019, major banks and foreign banks are required to have a plan of action and sustainability report. The next year, mandatory for smaller banks, all financial institutions, issuers and public companies. Indonesia so the first State Asia selling green bonds.

Business sector contributed through the program of corporate social responsibility (CSR) worth Rp 12.5 trillion per year. More than that, some companies have even integrate sustainable behaviour in the bottom line. A group of automotive company has mengefisiensikan energy equivalent to Rp 408 billion (about 1,549 terajoule) and lower emissions of 125 thousand tonnes of carbon dioxide. Some food companies add micro nutrients in order to overcome the "hunger micronutrients".

 

Religious transformation

Philanthropy or charity sector evolves. According to the World Giving Index 2017, Indonesia is the second country the world's most generous. Religious Social Fund potentially large.
Only from zakat only estimated its potential Rp 213 trillion per year, but tergalang less than 2 percent. Another kind of philanthropy is also growing rapidly. Now the more plural standing family philantropy foundation even crowd let for the program of social, economic and environmental.

Religious philanthropy transformed on a broader goal. Amil Zakat Nasional Agency (Baznas) is now making SDGs become guides, activities, and founded the Islamic Financing for Innovative laboratory SDGs in collaboration with the United Nations Program for Development (UNDP). At the global level, the value of the assets of the Islamic Finance reach 2 trillion us dollars.

The Organization of the worldwide Christian Church Association (WORL), where the Fellowship Church Indonesia (PGI) to become a member, also agreed the SDGs as a guide program. The leadership of the world's Catholics, the Pope in the Council of Francis, the UN supports the adoption of the SDGs (and Paris Declaration) as the new hope of overcoming inequality and climate change.

Colleges such as the University of Padjajaran University of Jember University of Bengkulu and formed the SDGs Center as a catalyst, pemberdaya, think tank and "SDGs clinic" on its territory. Through the SDGs, colleges are encouraged to contribute in solving the real problems of society.

A network of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) with the focus of the SDGs has formed. For many NGOs, involved in the implementation of the action plan are inclusive SDGs together Government, business, philanthropy and College was a new experience. The programs and activities of the NGOS so makin direkognisi.

Inclusive stakeholder collaboration for common goal will be a bridge to share experiences, resources and support innovation. In the context of non-profit sector as the doers for innovative cooperation mechanisms, SDGs from Government, business and philanthropy needs to continue to be developed.

Cape Town will now be the world's first cities running out of water.  If unresolved, the flow of clean water to stop a total of July this year. Unlike imaginable, 70 percent of the Earth's surface are surrounded by water, but only 3 percent worth drinking. The year 2014, 500 major cities of the world enters the category of water stress (water needs exceeded supplies). Jakarta has now entered ranked 5 of 11 cities are most prone to water crisis.

As a coastal city Jakarta prone to sea-level rise. The condition was further bad because its members busy-busy sucking up groundwater, soil water SAC reserves so deflated. That wretched, pouches of water not filled because the city is full of asphalt and "concrete plant".

Transformation behavior

Important SDGs are implemented, but is much more substantial changes in the behavior of society towards sustainable behaviour. In this context, the role of the media is very strategic. Cite Chomsky in terms of positive meaning, the media were able to "reverse engineer consciousness" (manufacturing consent) of the public so as to affect the new values.

The year 2030 the population of Indonesia is around 300 million people, 8.5 billion world population of humans. Infants, children, and adults up to the age of 40 the 70s is currently going through the year 2050, a year in which there are 10 billion human beings on Earth. How the billions of human beings it meets essential needs such as food, energy and water? When still behave like it is now, the inevitable crises and conflicts run rampant.

SDGs encourages the fulfillment of the development needs of the present without compromising future generations. In the context of Indonesia, based on Regulation, implementation of the SDGs so the task head of Bappenas. How to involve all parties and Bappenas transforming SDGs to be "movement" which mengejawantah in sustainable culture, is clearly the responsibility of all parties.

Rajendra Budiantoro, Senior researcher and member of the initiative of the Assembly of the Board of Trustees of Bina Swadaya

Source: https://kompas.id

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